Source code for spack.util.editor

# Copyright 2013-2022 Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC and other
# Spack Project Developers. See the top-level COPYRIGHT file for details.
# SPDX-License-Identifier: (Apache-2.0 OR MIT)

"""Module for finding the user's preferred text editor.

Defines one function, editor(), which invokes the editor defined by the
user's VISUAL environment variable if set. We fall back to the editor
defined by the EDITOR environment variable if VISUAL is not set or the
specified editor fails (e.g. no DISPLAY for a graphical editor). If
neither variable is set, we fall back to one of several common editors,
raising an EnvironmentError if we are unable to find one.
import os
import shlex

import llnl.util.tty as tty

import spack.config
from spack.util.executable import which_string

#: editors to try if VISUAL and EDITOR are not set
_default_editors = ['vim', 'vi', 'emacs', 'nano', 'notepad']

def _find_exe_from_env_var(var):
    """Find an executable from an environment variable.

        var (str): environment variable name

        (str or None, list): executable string (or None if not found) and
            arguments parsed from the env var
    # try to get the environment variable
    exe = os.environ.get(var)
    if not exe:
        return None, []

    # split env var into executable and args if needed
    args = shlex.split(str(exe))

    if not args:
        return None, []

    exe = which_string(args[0])
    args = [exe] + args[1:]
    return exe, args

[docs]def editor(*args, **kwargs): """Invoke the user's editor. This will try to execute the following, in order: 1. $VISUAL <args> # the "visual" editor (per POSIX) 2. $EDITOR <args> # the regular editor (per POSIX) 3. some default editor (see ``_default_editors``) with <args> If an environment variable isn't defined, it is skipped. If it points to something that can't be executed, we'll print a warning. And if we can't find anything that can be executed after searching the full list above, we'll raise an error. Arguments: args (list): args to pass to editor Optional Arguments: _exec_func (function): invoke this function instead of ``os.execv()`` """ # allow this to be customized for testing _exec_func = kwargs.get('_exec_func', os.execv) def try_exec(exe, args, var=None): """Try to execute an editor with execv, and warn if it fails. Returns: (bool) False if the editor failed, ideally does not return if ``execv`` succeeds, and ``True`` if the ``_exec_func`` does return successfully. """ try: _exec_func(exe, args) return True except OSError as e: if spack.config.get('config:debug'): raise # Show variable we were trying to use, if it's from one if var: exe = '$%s (%s)' % (var, exe) tty.warn('Could not execute %s due to error:' % exe, str(e)) return False def try_env_var(var): """Find an editor from an environment variable and try to exec it. This will warn if the variable points to something is not executable, or if there is an error when trying to exec it. """ if var not in os.environ: return False exe, editor_args = _find_exe_from_env_var(var) if not exe: tty.warn('$%s is not an executable:' % var, os.environ[var]) return False full_args = editor_args + list(args) return try_exec(exe, full_args, var) # try standard environment variables if try_env_var('VISUAL'): return if try_env_var('EDITOR'): return # nothing worked -- try the first default we can find don't bother # trying them all -- if we get here and one fails, something is # probably much more deeply wrong with the environment. exe = which_string(*_default_editors) if try_exec(exe, [exe] + list(args)): return # Fail if nothing could be found raise EnvironmentError( 'No text editor found! Please set the VISUAL and/or EDITOR ' 'environment variable(s) to your preferred text editor.')