Source code for llnl.util.tty.colify

# Copyright 2013-2024 Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC and other
# Spack Project Developers. See the top-level COPYRIGHT file for details.
# SPDX-License-Identifier: (Apache-2.0 OR MIT)

Routines for printing columnar output.  See ``colify()`` for more information.
import io
import os
import sys
from typing import IO, Any, List, Optional

from llnl.util.tty import terminal_size
from llnl.util.tty.color import cextra, clen

[docs] class ColumnConfig: def __init__(self, cols): self.cols = cols self.line_length = 0 self.valid = True self.widths = [0] * cols # does not include ansi colors def __repr__(self): attrs = [(a, getattr(self, a)) for a in dir(self) if not a.startswith("__")] return "<Config: %s>" % ", ".join("%s: %r" % a for a in attrs)
[docs] def config_variable_cols(elts, console_width, padding, cols=0): """Variable-width column fitting algorithm. This function determines the most columns that can fit in the screen width. Unlike uniform fitting, where all columns take the width of the longest element in the list, each column takes the width of its own longest element. This packs elements more efficiently on screen. If cols is nonzero, force """ if cols < 0: raise ValueError("cols must be non-negative.") # Get a bound on the most columns we could possibly have. # 'clen' ignores length of ansi color sequences. lengths = [clen(e) for e in elts] max_cols = max(1, console_width // (min(lengths) + padding)) max_cols = min(len(elts), max_cols) # Range of column counts to try. If forced, use the supplied value. col_range = [cols] if cols else range(1, max_cols + 1) # Determine the most columns possible for the console width. configs = [ColumnConfig(c) for c in col_range] for i, length in enumerate(lengths): for conf in configs: if conf.valid: col = i // ((len(elts) + conf.cols - 1) // conf.cols) p = padding if col < (conf.cols - 1) else 0 if conf.widths[col] < (length + p): conf.line_length += length + p - conf.widths[col] conf.widths[col] = length + p conf.valid = conf.line_length < console_width try: config = next(conf for conf in reversed(configs) if conf.valid) except StopIteration: # If nothing was valid the screen was too narrow -- just use 1 col. config = configs[0] config.widths = [w for w in config.widths if w != 0] config.cols = len(config.widths) return config
[docs] def config_uniform_cols(elts, console_width, padding, cols=0): """Uniform-width column fitting algorithm. Determines the longest element in the list, and determines how many columns of that width will fit on screen. Returns a corresponding column config. """ if cols < 0: raise ValueError("cols must be non-negative.") # 'clen' ignores length of ansi color sequences. max_len = max(clen(e) for e in elts) + padding if cols == 0: cols = max(1, console_width // max_len) cols = min(len(elts), cols) config = ColumnConfig(cols) config.widths = [max_len] * cols return config
[docs] def colify( elts: List[Any], cols: int = 0, output: Optional[IO] = None, indent: int = 0, padding: int = 2, tty: Optional[bool] = None, method: str = "variable", console_cols: Optional[int] = None, ): """Takes a list of elements as input and finds a good columnization of them, similar to how gnu ls does. This supports both uniform-width and variable-width (tighter) columns. If elts is not a list of strings, each element is first conveted using ``str()``. Keyword Arguments: output: A file object to write to. Default is ``sys.stdout`` indent: Optionally indent all columns by some number of spaces padding: Spaces between columns. Default is 2 width: Width of the output. Default is 80 if tty not detected cols: Force number of columns. Default is to size to terminal, or single-column if no tty tty: Whether to attempt to write to a tty. Default is to autodetect a tty. Set to False to force single-column output method: Method to use to fit columns. Options are variable or uniform. Variable-width columns are tighter, uniform columns are all the same width and fit less data on the screen console_cols: number of columns on this console (default: autodetect) """ if output is None: output = sys.stdout # elts needs to be an array of strings so we can count the elements elts = [str(elt) for elt in elts] if not elts: return (0, ()) # environment size is of the form "<rows>x<cols>" env_size = os.environ.get("COLIFY_SIZE") if env_size: try: r, c = env_size.split("x") console_rows, console_cols = int(r), int(c) tty = True except BaseException: pass # Use only one column if not a tty. if not tty: if tty is False or not output.isatty(): cols = 1 # Specify the number of character columns to use. if console_cols is None: console_rows, console_cols = terminal_size() elif not isinstance(console_cols, int): raise ValueError("Number of columns must be an int") console_cols = max(1, console_cols - indent) # Choose a method. Variable-width colums vs uniform-width. if method == "variable": config = config_variable_cols(elts, console_cols, padding, cols) elif method == "uniform": config = config_uniform_cols(elts, console_cols, padding, cols) else: raise ValueError("method must be either 'variable' or 'uniform'") cols = config.cols rows = (len(elts) + cols - 1) // cols rows_last_col = len(elts) % rows for row in range(rows): output.write(" " * indent) for col in range(cols): elt = col * rows + row width = config.widths[col] + cextra(elts[elt]) if col < cols - 1: fmt = "%%-%ds" % width output.write(fmt % elts[elt]) else: # Don't pad the rightmost column (sapces can wrap on # small teriminals if one line is overlong) output.write(elts[elt]) output.write("\n") row += 1 if row == rows_last_col: cols -= 1 return (config.cols, tuple(config.widths))
[docs] def colify_table( table: List[List[Any]], output: Optional[IO] = None, indent: int = 0, padding: int = 2, console_cols: Optional[int] = None, ): """Version of ``colify()`` for data expressed in rows, (list of lists). Same as regular colify but: 1. This takes a list of lists, where each sub-list must be the same length, and each is interpreted as a row in a table. Regular colify displays a sequential list of values in columns. 2. Regular colify will always print with 1 column when the output is not a tty. This will always print with same dimensions of the table argument. """ if table is None: raise TypeError("Can't call colify_table on NoneType") elif not table or not table[0]: raise ValueError("Table is empty in colify_table!") columns = len(table[0]) def transpose(): for i in range(columns): for row in table: yield row[i] colify( transpose(), cols=columns, # this is always the number of cols in the table tty=True, # don't reduce to 1 column for non-tty output=output, indent=indent, padding=padding, console_cols=console_cols, )
[docs] def colified( elts: List[Any], cols: int = 0, indent: int = 0, padding: int = 2, tty: Optional[bool] = None, method: str = "variable", console_cols: Optional[int] = None, ): """Invokes the ``colify()`` function but returns the result as a string instead of writing it to an output string.""" sio = io.StringIO() colify( elts, cols=cols, output=sio, indent=indent, padding=padding, tty=tty, method=method, console_cols=console_cols, ) return sio.getvalue()